Wednesday, March 21, 2012

Sundanese traditional home

Rumah Pedesaan
HOUSE has become an important requirement for humans. In addition to shelter, the house was used as a place to socialize the entire family. In addition to being an important part of life, form and style were deliberately created to add beauty. Even be used as the identity of a tribe or community some where. Indonesia is made up of various tribes, of course, has the form and name your own custom home. Each house has a custom function and the benefits are almost the same, namely as a place to live, but some are used as a shrine.Building materials used to create custom homes, both in West Java and in other areas, generally consist of natural materials, like wood, bamboo, palm fiber, leaves the head, shingle, rocks and soil. In addition, building custom homes were rarely directly attached to the ground (dirt), except for custom homes in Central Java, Yogyakarta, and Papua. Whereas in other regions in Indonesia, including custom homes in West Java, normally shaped stage. It is for wind circulation, as well as avoiding an animal (a wild animal or reptile).Specialized in land Parahyangan, custom homes built on land usually about 40-60 cm by using a stone. Golodog usually comes in the form of stairs and front porch. While the shape of the roof or suhunan highly dependent on the geographical location where the house was built. Sunda suhunan form is adapted to house a state of nature and society needs urang Sunda. In many forms of land Parahyangan house style, which is generally shown from the roof (hateup suhunan). There are several known susuhunan Sundanese people, such as suhunan jolopong or Regol, suhunan Tago / jogog Anjing, suhunan badak heuay, suhunan Perahu kumureb / ​​nangkub, suhunan capit gunting, suhunan julang ngapak, suhunan buka palayu,  buka pongpok. Suhunan jolopong (saddle), is a form of a house whose roof is elongated. Jolopong roof is usually called suhunan panjang, gagajahan, and Regol. While the roof or tagog jogog Anjing, looks like a dog who is sitting. The front of the mouth like a dog, running over the front porch (ngiuhan emper imah). Badak heuay roof form, usually the roof like the roof form jogog Anjing, but at the top of its existing suhunan additional front or rear roof resembling a rhinoceros and evaporated.Parahu kumureb  roof / ​​nangkub, the pieces form an upturned boat roof-like (see volcanic tangkubanperahu). In the area of ​​Tomo, Kab. Sumedang, the shape of a house like this is also called jubleg nangkub. While the roof form of claw clippers, the roof of wood adorned each end like a pair of scissors is ready Clamping. This form is often called Srigunting. While the looming ngapak roof, viewed from the front, left-right suhunan bird-like wings outstretched. While the Julang suhunan connect as many as four directions from the drop down. The connection is using an additional pair of scissors like the face at the top. Julang ngapak looks like a bird in flight. Palayu open roof form, the roof of his house suhunan similar suhunan Betawi traditional house and in front there is a long terrace. While open pongpok, looks like a go palayu, but the door was modified and directed straight to the street.Very rarely But unfortunately the shape and style of Sundanese traditional house has been very rare, especially in urban areas that have been replaced with the name and style of the West. Surely this is not without reason. Development of civilization and culture of an attack from another nation, making many forms of home Sundanese more modern style.Though the ancient Sunda, create and name the style is not just any suhunan. In addition it also has a function name and their meanings. In general, the name of the custom house suhunan Sundanese around intended to respect nature. Almost in every building custom homes are rare Sunda iron nails and other tools of modern buildings. For the amplifier used antartiang paseuk (from bamboo) or rope of palm fiber or coconut fiber. While the roof of a house used as a cover fibers, leaves the head or Daun Rumia. Very rarely use the tiles.Luckily the existence of traditional villages and cultural villages in West Java are helpful existence of form and style custom home suhunan Sunda. Not only the names of the surviving suhunan house, but its shape is maintained and developed according to its original shape.In indigenous communities urang Sunda, many buildings that use common, such as building, which houses a large and strong. Typically uses a walled building materials. Joglo, which is a small and simple house (made of walls and wood). Bale Kambang, which loom houses, built on a pond. Poporogok, the hut-shaped house is small but pretty. Pakuwon, namely one's own yard. Rangoon, which loom very high From the ground to floor and built on a tall tree. Regol, is buildings that have wide doors and Saung, which is a small hut built in the middle of rice fields without using a wall function to break the farmers.

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